Originally entitled the "Survey of Doctoral Student Opinion," Penn's current Ph.D. Exit Survey was developed by the Office of the Provost in 1995. The survey gathers a wide variety of information from recent Penn doctoral recipients, and the results assist in monitoring the quality of Ph.D. education at Penn. Program level reports of survey data are regularly used by the Graduate Council of the Faculties during Penn's periodic review process of its various Ph.D. programs. The survey contains approximately 70 questions, at least 6 of which are common to all participating Association of American Universities (AAU) institutions.